The popular bell pepper (Capsicum annum) or sweet pepper belongs in the Solanaceae family, genus, Capsicum. These sweet peppers or chillies have a unique bell shape with fleshy and crunchy, texture and the outer part is thick.
These peppers are not hot and spicy like other members of the family.
Peppers are native to Mexico and the Central American region. They were spread to the rest of the world by Portuguese and Spanish explorers and settlers.
Bell peppers are now grown in many parts of the world and are a popular home garden plant.
This article summarizes the health benefits of bell pepper and includes a chart of nutrition facts for raw bell peppers for a serving of 100 g.
People are using bell peppers much more widely now. In the past they had a reputation for being poisonous and were mostly grown in home gardens as
ornamentals. Now they are widely uses in salads, pasta sauces, pizzas and in stews, stir-fries and curries.
Their delicate sweet flavor and crunchy texture makes them a universal favorite. Stuffed half bell peppers is a wonderful dish.
When buying bell peppers make sure that they are not limp, withered or have wrinkly skin. Also avoid fruit with dark spots, marks or bruising.
Bell peppers can be kept for about four days in the refrigerator in plastic bags. the seeds are very easy to remove.
Some ways to use bell peppers are:
► cooked in stir-fries
► use in pasta sauce
► added to homemade pizzas
► stuffed with rice, meat, cheese, dried fruits, nuts and then baked
► grilled or roasted to enhance their flavors and then peeled and sliced.
|Nutrients in 100g serving||Nutrient Value|
|Total Fat||0.30 g|
|Dietary Fiber||2.1 g|
|Vitamin A||3131 IU|
|Vitamin C||127.7 mg|
|Vitamin E||1.58 mg|
|Vitamin K||4.9 mcg|